LEARN TESTS

Blood Relationships

03 min read

Blood relationship questions focus on testing the ability of a student to identify different family relationships and hence their analytical skills. It is very important that one has a clear understanding of various terms used to describe family relationships. One must be able to work out a relationship between two people from the information given in the question.

Typical terms used in blood relationship based questions:

Relationship

Term

Mother’s or father’s son

Brother

Mother’s or father’s daughter

Sister

Mother’s or father’s brother

Uncle

Mother’s or father’s sister

Aunt

Mother’s or father’s mother

Grandmother

Mother’s or father’s father

Grandfather

Grandmother’s or grandfather ‘s brother

Granduncle

Grandmother’s or grandfather’s sister

Grandaunt

Son’s wife

Daughter -in- law

Daughter’s husband

Son-in-law

Husband’s or wife’s sister

Sister-in-law

Husband’s or wife’s brother

Brother-in-law

Sister’s or brother’s son

Nephew

Sister’s and brother’s daughter

Niece

Uncle’s or aunt’s son or daughter

Cousin

Sister’s husband

Brother-in-law

Brother’s wife

Sister-in-law

Children of same parent

Siblings

 

Typical questions based on blood relationships are of two types as follows:

  1. Therelationshipbetweentwopeopleisgiventhrougharoundaboutroute, relating them through other One has to go through the series of relationships between the two people in the question. The relationships can just be as a simple statement or as a statement made by a person.
  2. Certain codes are used to describe different relationship and then a“statement” is given relating people using these On the basis of the interpretation of the codes, the relationship between the people should be established.

Strategies:

  • Draw a tree diagram and increase the levels in the hierarchy according to the relation.
    - Grandfather and grandmother – Stage I
    - Mother, father, uncle and aunt – Stage II
    - Sister, brother and cousin - Stage III
    - Niece and nephew - Stage IV and finally,
    - Granddaughter and Grandsons – Stage V
  • The hierarchy is established from an individual’s Hence, based on the question, fix the individual based on whom the other relationships are considered.
  • The word “spouse” can mean husband or
  • Also keep in mind that if A is B’s father, B could be either male or Similarly, if C is D’s son, D could be either father or mother. Son of one’s father/mother could be the same person or a sibling. If E is F’s brother, F could be E’s brother or sister.
  • Use custom symbols/notations of your convenience to denote relationships or gender
  • Backtracking (starting with the last provided information and proceeding accordingly) technique can help in identifying the relationships
  • Elimination of answer choices based on the given conditions can help in saving a lot of
  • For the second type of questions mentioned above, using symbols to represent the different relationships has to be done carefully and the hierarchy of the relationships as specified in the question must be

 


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